Nepal: Patterns of Privatisation in Education. A case study of low-fee private schools and private chain schools

By Pramod Bhatta and Tejendra Pherali (2017)

The study provides an overview of the trajectories and forms of education privatisation in Nepal, considering the growing trend of for-profit education in the country, where enrolment doubled between 2005 and 2010. It seeks to contribute to the ongoing, critical debate about the relationships between students' rights to quality education, teachers' rights to quality working conditions, equitable access to schools and the regulation of private actors in education. The main findings of the research include:

1.       The emergence of the private sector as a key player in the national education landscape

2.       A weak regulation of private schools

3.       The growth of networks and chains, and penetration of transnational actors

4.       A spread of a very constricted view of education

5.       De-professionalisation of teaching

6.       The gender dimension of teacher recruitment in private schools

It recommends that the national authorities increase investments in public schools and develop stronger regulatory mechanisms to oversee the operation of private schools.

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